Tapestry Magic #8: ApplicationStateManager

The Notifications we had in this post are fine when we are dealing with requests which are not redirect-after-post. But in case we want to notify users after a post request like onSubmit from a form, we cannot use Environment as after the post request is complete a redirect is done and so no Environment is available to the MarkupRendererFilter.

This kind of information which is spread across requests can be stored in ApplicationStateManager. This information gets stored in the session.

The Notifications interface and its implementation will remain the same

public interface Notifications {
   void inform(String message);
   void warn(String message);
   void error(String error);
   boolean getHasMessages();
   List<String> getInformations();
   List<String> getWarnings();
   List<String> getErrors();
   void clear();

public class NotificationsImpl implements Notifications {
   private List<String> informations = new ArrayList<String>();
   private List<String> warnings = new ArrayList<String>();
   private List<String> errors =new ArrayList<String>();

   public void inform(String message) {

   public void warn(String message) {
   public void error(String message) {
   public boolean getHasMessages(){
      return informations.size() != 0 || warnings.size() != 0 ||
         errors.size() != 0;
   public List<String> getInformations(){
      return informations;
   public List<String> getWarnings(){
      return warnings;
   public List<String> getErrors(){
      return errors;
   public void clear(){


The notifications will be managed by a NotificationsManager service

public interface NotificationsManager {
   public Notifications getNotifications();


This service is implemented using ApplicationStateManager

public class NotificationsManagerImpl implements NotificationsManager {
   private ApplicationStateManager stateManager;

   public NotificationsManagerImpl(ApplicationStateManager stateManager){
      this.stateManager = stateManager;

   public Notifications getNotifications() {
         stateManager.set(Notifications.class, new NotificationsImpl());
      return stateManager.get(Notifications.class);


This service creates an instance of Notifications and keeps it in the session using ApplicationStateManager.

Now the rendering part. We again use a MarkupRenderer but this time instead of getting notifications from the Environment, we get it from NotificationsManager service. The rest of the code remains the same.

public class NotificationsMarkupRendererFilter implements MarkupRendererFilter {
   private Environment environment;
   private Asset notificationsScript;
   private NotificationsManager notificationsManager;

   public NotificationsMarkupRendererFilter(Asset notificationsScript,
         Environment environment, NotificationsManager notificationsManager) {
      this.environment = environment;
      this.notificationsManager = notificationsManager;
      this.notificationsScript = notificationsScript;

   public void renderMarkup(MarkupWriter writer, MarkupRenderer renderer) {
      if (environment.peek(JavaScriptSupport.class) != null) {
         Notifications notifications = notificationsManager.getNotifications();
         JavaScriptSupport javaScriptSupport = environment
         if (notifications.getHasMessages()) {
            JSONObject spec = new JSONObject();
            spec.put("informations", new JSONArray(notifications
            spec.put("warnings", new JSONArray(notifications.getWarnings()
            spec.put("errors", new JSONArray(notifications.getErrors()
            String url = notificationsScript.toClientURL();
            if (!url.endsWith("/")) {
               url = url.substring(0, url.lastIndexOf("/") + 1);
            spec.put("url", url);
                  "Notifications.display(%s);", spec);

Finally we contribute it to the MarkupRendererHandler

   public void contributeMarkupRenderer(
         NotificationsManager notificationsManager,
         @Inject @Path("assets/notifications.js") Asset notificationsScript,
         Environment environment,
         OrderedConfiguration<MarkupRendererFilter> contributions) {
      contributions.add("notifications", new NotificationsMarkupRendererFilter(
            environment, notificationsManager), "after:JavascriptSupport");

To use Notifications interface as a service, we use PropertyShadowBuilder.

   public Notifications build(NotificationsManager notificationsManager,PropertyShadowBuilder builder){
      return builder.build(notificationsManager, "notifications", Notifications.class);

Now, it can be used in a page as

public class TestPage {
   private Notifications notifications;

   void onSubmit(){
      //do whatever has to be done


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